Judaic Studies

Judaic Studies

< Back to list

Matthew A Kraus

Title: Associate Professor of Judaic Studies, Director of Hebrew Program
Office: 3508 French Hall
Tel: 513-556-2298
Email: krausma@ucmail.uc.edu

Professor Kraus studies the history of biblical interpretation and Judaism in Greek and Roman antiquity. Most recently, he is the author of Jewish, Christian, and Classical Exegetical Traditions in Jerome’s Translation of the Book of Exodus:  Translation Technique and the Vulgate (Brill, 2017), "Rabbinic Traditions in Jerome’s Translation of the Book of Numbers,” Journal of Biblical Literature, and "Wisdom of Solomon" for the Jewish Annotated Apocrypha (forthcoming, Oxford University Press).  Editor of How Should Rabbinic Literature Be Read in the Modern World (2006 Gorgias Press), he has also published on Philo, the Gospel of John, and on the Old Latin version of the Bible. His courses include Women and the Bible, The Dead Sea Scrolls, History of Biblical Interpretation, Introduction to Judasim, Chanukah Through the Ages and Modern Hebrew.

Education

  • Ph.D., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 1996 (Classics Doctoral Dissertaion "Jerome's Translation of the Book of Exodus Iuxta Hebraeos in Relation to Classical, Christian and Jewish Traditions of Interpretation," Sabine MacCormack, Director).
  • Rabbinic Ordination, Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, Cincinnati, OH, 1991 (Masters of Hebrew Letters, 1990 "Josephus' Paraphrase of the Book of Numbers, Chapters 1-18," unpublished Rabbinical Thesis, Adam Kamesar, director.).
  • Special Student, International Christian University, Tokyo, Japan, 1986.
  • B.A., Harvard-Radcliffe University, Cambridge, MA, 1985 (Classics).

Research Information

Research Interests

  • History of Biblical Interpretation
  • Judaism and Christianity in the Greek and Roman Worlds
  • Scholarship in Antiquity
  • Patristics
  • Late Antique Latin Literature
  • Hebrew Language
  • Translation

Research Support

  • (PI), Kraus, Matthew, Are The Dead Sea Scrolls Dead? (UC Lichter Lecture Series 2012), National Endowment for the Humanities. (OHC #R12-100), $2,500.00. 10-01-2012 to 09-30-2013. Status: Active.

Publications

Peer Reviewed Publications

  • "Philosophical History in Philo's In Flaccum," Society of Biblical Literature 1994 Seminar Papers, Eugene H. Lovering, Jr., ed. (Scholars Press, 1994)
  • "Hebraisms in the Old Latin Version of the Bible,"  Vetus Testamentum, 53.4 (2003) 487-513
  • "Christian, Jews and Pagans in Dialogue:  Saint Jerome on Ecclesiastes 12:1–7," Hebrew Union College Annual, 70/71 (1999-2000), 183-231.  
  • "It's the Economy Schmendrik:  An Economic Approach to American Judaism.”  The Reform Jewish Quarterly, Fall (2016), 91-105.
  •  "Rabbinic Traditions in Jerome’s Translation of the Book of Numbers.”  Journal of Biblical Literature 136.3 (2017), 539-563.
  • “The Vulgate and Christian-Jewish Dialogue,” Vulgata in Dialogue 2 (2018), 1-14 (https://ojs2.uni-tuebingen.de/ojs/index.php/vidbor/article/view/35).
  • “Renewing Abram’s and Sarai’s Unconditional Covenant or Why Be a Reform Jew?,” The Reform Jewish QuarterlySummer (2018),131-143.

Books

  • How Should Rabbinic Literature Be Read in the Modern World.  Gorgias Press, 2006.
  • Jewish, Christian, and Classical Exegetical Tradtions in Jerome’s Translation of the Book of Exodus: Translation Technique and the Vulgate. 2017. Vigiliae Christianae Supplements series, Brill Publishers.

Book Chapter

  • "New Jewish Directions in the Study of the Fourth Gospel" in New Currents Through John:  A Global Perspective. Edited by  Francisco Lozada Jr. and Tom Thatcher.  Society of Biblical Literature, 2006.
  • "The Late Antique Context of Jewish Exegetical Traditions in Jerome's Targum of the Bible," in Midrash in Context: Proceedings of the 2004 and 2005 SBL Consultation on Midrash.  Edited by Lieve Teugels and Rivka Ulmer.  Gorgias Press (2007).

Encyclopedia Article

  • “Hebraisms in the Latin Versions of the Bible,” commissioned for the Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Brill Publishers.
  • Hebrew Loanwords into Latin,” the Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, Brill Publishers 

Popular Magazine Article

  • "A Chanukah Proposal,"  Tikkun, November-December, 2003, pp.85-87, 90.

Review

  • Jew and Gentile in the Ancient World by Louis Feldman, CCAR Journal, Fall 1996.
  • Columbia Papyri XI (3rd to 7th century papyri relating to Christianity).  Bryn Mawr Classical Review, February, 2000
  • History, Apocalypse, and the Secular Imagination: New Essays on Augustine's City of God edited by Mark Vessey et al., Bryn Mawr Classical Review, July, 2001.
  • Diaspora:  Jews amidst Greeks and Romans by Erich S. Gruen,  New England Classical Journal,  30.3 (August, 2003) 176-179.
  • Japheth in the Tents of Shem:  Studies on Jewish Hellenism in Antiquity by Pieter W. van der Horst, Bryn Mawr Classical Review, February, 2004
  • Jews and Gentiles in the Holy Land in the Days of the Second Temple, the Mishna and the Talmud, Menachem Mor, Aharon Oppenheimer, Jack Pastor, Daniel R. Schwartz, edd., Bryn Mawr Classical Review, March, 2004
  • Remains of the Jews:  The Holy Land and Christian Empire in Late Antiquity by Andrew S. Jacobs, Bryn Mawr Classical Review, September, 2005.
  • The Cultural Turn in Late Ancient Studies: Gender, Asceticism, and Historiography edited by Dale B. Martin and Patricia Cox Miller, BMCR, June, 2006.
  • Susan Weingarten, The Saint’s Saints:  Hagiography and Geography in Jerome; Ancient Judaism & Early Christianity, Henoch (2007).
  • The Cambridge Companion to American Judaism, edited by Dana Evan Kaplan.  Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press, 2005, Journal of the American Jewish Archives 58 (2006).
  • Tessa Rajak.  Translation and Survival: The Greek Bible of the Ancient Jewish
    Diaspora
    . Oxford: Oxford University Press, February, 2009.  H-Judaic, February, 2010.
  • Review of Jordan Rosenblum, Food and Identity in Early Rabbinic Judaism.(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), BMCR, May 2011.
  • Review of Ishay Rosen-Zvi. Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity. Philadelphia  University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011, H-Judaic, November 2012.
  • Review of Andrew Cain, Jerome’s Epitaph on Paula:  A Commentary on the Epitaphium Sanctae Paulae, Oxford: Oxford University Press (2013), Review of Biblical Literature, 2015(http://www.bookreviews.org)
  • Review of Dana Kaplan, The New Reform Judaism: Challenges and Reflections, Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 2013, American Jewish History, 99.1 (January, 2015)108-110.
  • Review of Studia Philonica Annual: Studies in Hellenistic Judaism,volume XXVI, 2014. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2014, BMCR, September, 2015
  • Review of Jacob L. Wright,David, King of Israel, and Caleb in Biblical Memory.  (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014) in Politics and Religion. 8.4 (2015), 844-847
  • Review of Honora Howell Chapman and Zuleika Rodgers, edsA Companion to Josephus. Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World, (Oxford: Wiley Blackwell, 2016), Bryn Mawr Classical Review(2016.11.52).
  • Review of Michael Herren, The Anatomy of Myth: The Art of Interpretation from the Presocratics to the Church Fathers.   (New York:  Oxford University Press, 2017), Bryn Mawr Classical Review(2018.01.51)
  • Review of William L. Krewson. Jerome and the Jews: Innovative Supersessionism (Eugene, Oregon: Wipf and Stock, 2017), inStudies in Christian-Jewish Relations13:1 (2018). 1-4

Presentations & Lectures

Invited Presentations

  • Matthew Kraus (09-2004). Judaism and Homosexuality Rockdale Temple.
  • (10-2004). Judaism and Greco-Roman Culture: Does Japheth Dwell in the Tents of Shem or Does Shem Dwell in the Tents of Japheth Kinus Bogrim, Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion.
  • (01-2005). "Zechariah's Blood and the Destruction of the Temple: A Contextual Reading of Lamentations Rabbah 23." Open History Seminar, Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion.
  • (02-2005). A Jewish Response to Mel Gibson's The Passion Guest lecturer for class, Cincinnati Christian University.
  • (03-2005). "Judaism and Greco-Roman Culture" and "A Christian's Love-Hate Relationship With Judaism" Clergy Institute, Dayton, OH.
  • (04-2005). Judaism and Christianity in Late Antiquity Guest lecturer for class, Miami University of OHio.
  • (08-2005). Jewish Mysticism Presentation, Swedenborgian Church, Cincinnati, OH.
  • (01-2006). Humor in the Classroom Jewish Educators In-Service, Cincinnati, OH.
  • (02-2007). The Jewish View of Poverty Panel Discussion, Wright State University.
  • (03-2007). Found in Translation Open History Seminar, Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion.
  • (03-2007). Found in Translation Cincinnati Christian University.
  • (09-2007). Jews and Jesuits Literary Board, Cincinnati, OH.
  • (03-2008). Using Sacred Text: Bridging the Gap Between Word and Reality" Annual Meeting, Central Conference of American Rabbis, Cincinnati, OH.
  • (11-2010). From Chanukah to Chrismakah Rockdale Temple, Cincinnati, OH.
  • (11-2010). How to Understand Torah in the Twenty-First Century: Translating the Talmud from Rashi to Steinsaltz Myerson Jewish Community Center, Cincinnati, OH.
  • (05-2011). The Nature of Jewish Life in America Cedar Village, Cincinnati, OH.

Paper Presentations

  • (1996). “The Hebrew Vorlage to the Old Latin,” .
  • (1999). “Found in Translation: Myth and Ritual in the Legend of the Septuagint.”.
  • (2000). "Jerome as an Ethnographer of the Jews," .
  • (2001). "The Late Antique Context of Jewish Exegetical Traditions in Jerome's Translation of the Bible," , Jerusalem.
  • (2001). "Jerome and Epistle 52: Biblical Exegesis, Classical Exegesis, and Classical Rhetoric,".
  • (2004). "The Late Antique Context of Jewish Exegetical Traditions in Jerome's Targum of the Bible,".
  • (2005). "Zechariah's Blood and the Destruction of the Temple: A Contextual Reading of Lamentations Rabbah 23.".
  • (2007). "Zechariah's Blood and the Destruction of the Temple: An Anthropological Reading of Lamentations 23,".
  • (12-2010). Was Jerome A Jewish Translator, Boston.

Experience & Service

Work Experience

  • 2006 to 2007, Lecturer, Department of Religion, Philosophy and Classics , Wright State University.
  • 2005 to 2006, Visiting Associate Professor of Judaic Studies, University of Cincinnati.
  • 2005Adjunct Professor, Wright State University.
  • 2002 to 2005, Associate Professor of Classics and Jewish Studies with tenure , Williams College.
  • 1996 to 2002, Assistant Professor of Classics and Jewish Studies, Williams College.
  • 2007 to To Present, Field Service Assistant Professor, Director of Hebrew Program and Undergraduate Direcor of Judaic Studies, University of Cincinnati.