Research and Media Highlights
Below are publication and media links highlighting research by Faculty in the Department of Political Science.
Scholarship and Publications
McLaughlin, Danielle M., Jack Mewhirter, and Rebecca Sanders. “The Belief That Politics Drive Scientific Research & Its Impact on COVID-19 Risk Assessment.” PLOS ONE 16, no. 4 (April 21, 2021): e0249937. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0249937.
Kreitz, Colonel Eric. Cyber Strategy and Tactical Cyber Integration. The Indigenous Approach- 1st Special Forces Group: Preferred Partners in INDOPACOM, 2021. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z6r_1gbiFWw.
Mewhirter, Jack, and Danielle M. McLaughlin. “The Pitfalls Associated with More Intensive Engagement in Collaborative Forums: The Role of Behavioral Spillovers and Cognitive Load.” Journal of Behavioral Public Administration 4, no. 1 (March 29, 2021). doi:10.30636/jbpa.41.166.
Sanders, Rebecca, Laura Dudley Jenkins, Siobhan Guerrero Mc Manus, Denise Hirao, Leah Hoctor, Adriana Lamackova, Katrine Thomasen, et al. “Power Over Rights: Understanding and Countering the Anti-Gender Campaigns.” Centre for Feminist Foreign Policy, Power over Rights, Volume II: Case Studies (March 2021): 78. https://centreforfeministforeignpolicy.org/power-over-rights-understanding-and-countering-the-antigender-campaigns.
Winger, Gregory. “Risk Assessment: Prospect Theory and Civil–Military Affairs.” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics, January 22, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.1939.
UC - Office of Research. Trusted Democracy in the Digital Age, Flashpoint Series, January 15, 2021. https://youtu.be/E9LHb07tVX8?t=398.
Winger, Gregory H. “SolarWinds Attack: Lessons for the Philippines-US Alliance.” Philippine Strategic Forum, January 4, 2021. https://www.stratforumph.com/post/solarwinds-attack-lessons-for-the-philippines-us-alliance.
On the Corner Symposium: Nexus at the Political Intersection of Race and Religion Research, 2021. https://vimeo.com/502579534.
Bessett, Danielle, Laura Dudley Jenkins, Katherine Castiello Jones, Amy Koshoffer, Amber Burkett Peplow, Stephanie Sadre-Orafai, and Valerie Weinstein. “Women’s Perceptions of Explicit and Implicit Criteria for Promotion to Full Professor.” The Journal of Faculty Development 35, no. 1 (January 1, 2021): 49–56.
Harknett, Richard J. “SolarWinds: The Need for Persistent Engagement.” Lawfare, December 23, 2020. https://www.lawfareblog.com/solarwinds-need-persistent-engagement.
Calfano, Brian, Richard J. Harknett, Gregory Winger, and Jelena Vicic. “Reporting Government Reactions to Claims of Electoral Fraud Can Help Maintain Public Trust in the Media.” LSE US Centre, December 3, 2020. https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/usappblog/2020/12/03/reporting-government-reactions-to-claims-of-electoral-fraud-can-help-maintain-public-trust-in-the-media/.
Calfano, Brian, and Alexis Straka. “Power of Suggestion? Leadership Signals, Politics, Religion, and Women’s Support for the Disadvantaged.” Religions 11, no. 12 (December 2020): 629. doi:10.3390/rel11120629.
Jenkins, Laura Dudley, and Kristina M. Teater. “Hindu Perspectives on the Right to Religious Freedom.” In Routledge Handbook of Freedom and Religion and Belief, edited by Silvio Ferrari, Mark Hill QC, Arif A Jamal, and Rossella Bottoni, First Edition., 102–16. Routledge, 2020. https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-Freedom-of-Religion-or-Belief/Ferrari-QC-Jamal-Bottoni/p/book/9781138301290.
Niven, David, Benjamin Plener Cover, and Michael Solimine. “Are Individuals Harmed by Gerrymandering? Examining Access to Congressional District Offices.” Social Science Quarterly n/a, no. n/a (November 18, 2020). doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/ssqu.12883.
Ela, Nate. “The Promise of Property: Legal Optimism and Collective Efficacy in Chicago’s Urban Agriculture District.” Social Problems, no. spaa055 (November 12, 2020). doi:10.1093/socpro/spaa055.
Calfano, Brian, Richard J. Harknett, Gregory Winger, and Jelena Vicic. “Electoral Officials Can Do Little to Combat Information Which Undermines Elections.” LSE US Centre, October 27, 2020. https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/usappblog/2020/10/27/electoral-officials-can-do-little-to-combat-information-which-undermines-elections/.
Winger, Gregory. “China’s Disinformation Campaign in the Philippines.” Politics. The Diplomat, October 6, 2020. https://thediplomat.com/2020/10/chinas-disinformation-campaign-in-the-philippines/.
Chesney, Robert, and Max Smeets. “Policy Roundtable: Cyber Conflict as an Intelligence Contest.” Texas National Security Review, September 17, 2020. https://tnsr.org/roundtable/policy-roundtable-cyber-conflict-as-an-intelligence-contest/.
Martinez-Ebers, Valerie, and Brian Calfano. Human Relations Commissions: Relieving Racial Tensions in the American City. Columbia University Press, 2020. https://cup.columbia.edu/book/human-relations-commissions/9780231191012
Harknett, Richard J. “The Strategic Importance of Cyber Persistence.” In Bled Strategic Times, 12–13. Bled, Slovenia: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Slovenia, 2020. https://bledstrategicforum.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/BSF-Times-2020.pdf.
McLaughlin, Danielle M., Jack M. Mewhirter, James E. Wright II, and Richard Feiock. “The Perceived Effectiveness of Collaborative Approaches to Address Domestic Violence: The Role of Representation, ‘Reverse-Representation,’ Embeddedness, and Resources.” Public Management Review 0, no. 0 (August 14, 2020): 1–25. doi:10.1080/14719037.2020.1774200.
Birdsall, Andrea, and Rebecca Sanders. “Trumping International Law?” International Studies Perspectives 21, no. 3 (August 1, 2020): 275–97. doi:10.1093/isp/ekz027.
Runyan, Anne Sisson. “Conceptus Interruptus: Forestalling Sureties about Violence and Feminism.” Review of International Studies 46, no. 3 (July 2020): 325–36. doi:10.1017/S0260210520000030.
Work, JD, and Richard Harknett. “Troubled Vision: Understanding Recent Israeli–Iranian Offensive Cyber Exchanges.” Atlantic Council, July 22, 2020. https://www.atlanticcouncil.org/in-depth-research-reports/issue-brief/troubled-vision-understanding-israeli-iranian-offensive-cyber-exchanges/.
Niven, David, and Ellen A. Donnelly. “Who Challenges Disparities in Capital Punishment?: An Analysis of State Legislative Floor Debates on Death Penalty Reform.” Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice 18, no. 2 (April 2, 2020): 95–122. doi:10.1080/15377938.2019.1710316.
Hamman, Seth T, Jelena Vićić, Jack Mewhirter, Philip White, and Richard J Harknett. “Deciphering Cyber Operations: The Use of Methods and Simulations for Studying Military Concepts in Cyberspace.” The Cyber Defense Review 5, no. 1 (Spring 2020): 135–50. https://cyberdefensereview.army.mil/Portals/6/CDR%20V5N1%20-%2009_Hamman_WEB.pdf.
Fischerkeller, Michael P., Richard J. Harknett, and Jelena Vicic. “The Limits of Deterrence and the Need for Persistence.” In The Cyber Deterrence Problem, edited by Aaron F. Brantly, 21–38. United Kingdom: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2020. https://rowman.com/ISBN/9781786615640/The-Cyber-Deterrence-Problem
Harknett, Richard J. “Progress Is the Promise in National Cybersecurity Strategy.” Lawfare, March 23, 2020. https://www.lawfareblog.com/progress-promise-national-cybersecurity-strategy.
Harknett, Richard J., and Max Smeets. “Cyber Campaigns and Strategic Outcomes.” Journal of Strategic Studies, March 4, 2020. doi:10.1080/01402390.2020.1732354.
Lewis, Andrew R., William D. Blake, Stephen T. Mockabee, and Amanda Friesen. “American Constitutional Faith and the Politics of Hermeneutics.” Politics and Religion 13, no. 1 (March 2020): 57–88. doi:10.1017/S175504831900021X.
Lubell, Mark, Jack Mewhirter, and Ramiro Berardo. “The Origins of Conflict in Polycentric Governance Systems.” Public Administration Review 80, no. 2 (February 19, 2020): 222–33. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/puar.13159.
Wozniak, Kevin, Brian Calfano, and Kevin Drakulich. “Exposure to Images of Police-Civilian Interactions and Public Opinion about Law Enforcement and Government: An Experimental Test.” Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research [Distributor], February 14, 2020. doi:https://doi.org/10.3886/E117544V1.
Fischerkeller, Michael P., and Richard J. Harknett. “Persistent Engagement and Cost Imposition: Distinguishing Between Cause and Effect.” Lawfare, February 6, 2020. https://www.lawfareblog.com/persistent-engagement-and-cost-imposition-distinguishing-between-cause-and-effect.
Umphres, William. Book Review: “Chains of Persuasion: A Framework for Religion in Democracy, by Benjamin R. Hertzberg.” Political Theory 48 (January 29, 2020): 009059172090160. doi:10.1177/0090591720901608.
Zalewski, Marysia, and Anne Sisson Runyan. “Security Unbound: Spectres of Feminism in Trump-Time.” Critical Studies on Security 8, no. 1 (January 2, 2020): 1–14. doi:10.1080/21624887.2019.1685293.
Niven, David. “Stifling Workplace Activism: The Consequences of Anthem Protests for NFL Players.” Social Science Quarterly 101, no. 2 (2020): 641–55. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/ssqu.12756.
Green, Brendan Rittenhouse. The Revolution That Failed: Nuclear Competition, Arms Control, and the Cold War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020. doi:10.1017/9781108779593.
“Red Team Member Review Analysis.” US Cyber Solarium Commission Draft Report. US Cyber Solarium Commission, January 3, 2020. https://www.solarium.gov/report.
Ivanov, Ivan Dinev. “The Use of Interactive Student Response Software in an Introductory International Relations Course.” Journal of Political Science Education, December 9, 2019, 1–18. doi:10.1080/15512169.2019.1694533.
Mewhirter, Jack, Danielle M. McLaughlin, and Manuel Fischer. “The Role of Forum Membership Diversity on Institutional Externalities in Resource Governance Systems.” Society & Natural Resources 32, no. 11 (November 2, 2019): 1239–57. doi:10.1080/08941920.2019.1646366.
Fischerkeller, Michael P., and Richard J. Harknett. “A Response on Persistent Engagement and Agreed Competition.” Lawfare, June 27, 2019. https://www.lawfareblog.com/response-persistent-engagement-and-agreed-competition.
Teater, Kristina M., and Laura Dudley Jenkins. “Religious Regulation in India.” Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics, April 26, 2019. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780190228637.013.845.
Fischerkeller, Michael P., and Richard J. Harknett. “Through Persistent Engagement, the U.S. Can Influence ‘Agreed Competition.’” Lawfare, April 15, 2019. https://www.lawfareblog.com/through-persistent-engagement-us-can-influence-agreed-competition.
Fischerkeller, Michael P., and Richard J. Harknett. “What Is Agreed Competition in Cyberspace?” Lawfare, February 19, 2019. https://www.lawfareblog.com/what-agreed-competition-cyberspace.
Fischerkeller, Michael P., and Richard J. Harknett. “Persistent Engagement, Agreed Competition, and Cyberspace Interaction Dynamics and Escalation.” The Cyber Defense Review, 2019, 267–87. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26846132.
Jenkins, Laura Dudley. Religious Freedom and Mass Conversion in India. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019. https://www.upenn.edu/pennpress/book/15957.html.
Harknett, Richard J. Cyberspace as a Strategic Environment. National Security Archive, 2019. https://youtu.be/tA1Uixj44ic.
Mewhirter, Jack, Eric A. Coleman, and Ramiro Berardo. “Participation and Political Influence in Complex Governance Systems.” Policy Studies Journal 47, no. 4 (2019): 1002–25. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/psj.12227.
Mewhirter, Jack, and Ramiro Berardo. “The Impact of Forum Interdependence and Network Structure on Actor Performance in Complex Governance Systems.” Policy Studies Journal 47, no. 1 (2019): 159–77. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/psj.12302.
Runyan, Anne Sisson. Global Gender Politics. 5th ed. Rutledge, 2019. https://www.routledge.com/Global-Gender-Politics/Runyan/p/book/9780813350851.
Koenig, Angela. “Faculty Awards 2021: Richard Harknett.” UC News, April 6, 2021. https://www.uc.edu/news/articles/2021/03/uc-faculty-awards--richard-harknett.html.
Paget, Christophe. “Fréquence Asie - Inde: lois contre le «Love Jihad», les couples mixtes davantage harcelés.” RFI, February 20, 2021. https://www.rfi.fr/fr/podcasts/fréquence-asie/20210220-inde-lois-contre-le-love-jihad-les-couples-mixtes-davantage-harcelés.
Bach, John. “UC Answers: Why Is Giving Back so Important?” UC News, February 17, 2021. https://www.uc.edu/news/articles/2021/02/uc-international-student-shares-her-motivation-for-giving-back.html.
Bach, John. “UC Joins National CyberCorps to Defend America’s Cyberspace.” UC News, February 11, 2021. https://www.uc.edu/news/articles/2021/02/uc-receives-4m-nsf-grant-to-prep-students-to-defend-americas-cyberspace.html.
McAfee, Katy. “UC Political Science Professors Explain Biden’s Executive Orders.” The News Record, February 3, 2021. https://www.newsrecord.org/news/uc-political-science-professors-explain-biden-s-executive-orders/article_dce3b606-66a2-11eb-9b6d-37be3d74a506.html.
Koenig, Angela. “The Washington Post: Biden Ended the Muslim Travel Ban.” UC News, January 28, 2021. https://www.uc.edu/news/articles/2021/01/american-muslims-are-still-discriminated-against-regardless-of-citizenship.html.
Calfano, Brian, Nazita Lajevardi, and Melissa R. Michelson. “Analysis | Biden Ended the Muslim Travel Ban. A Much Tougher Problem Persists.” Washington Post, January 26, 2021, sec. Monkey Cage, Analysis. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2021/01/26/biden-ended-muslim-travel-ban-much-tougher-problem-persists/.
Parrish, Morgan. “Local Leaders Helping Students Understand National Day of Racial Healing Significance.” Fox19. January 19, 2021, sec. State. https://www.fox19.com/2021/01/19/local-leaders-helping-students-understand-national-day-racial-healing-significance/.
The Columbus Dispatch. “Column: Racial Healing Requires Truth and Reconciliation.” The Columbus Dispatch, January 18, 2021, sec. Opinion. https://www.dispatch.com/story/opinion/columns/2021/01/18/column-racial-healing-requires-truth-and-reconciliation/4172850001/.
May, Lucy. “Cincinnati’s National Day of Racial Healing Aims to Inspire Community to Take Action.” News Article and Video. WCPO News, Channel 9. University of Cincinnati: ABC, January 18, 2021. https://www.wcpo.com/news/our-community/cincinnatis-national-day-of-racial-healing-aims-to-inspire-community-to-take-action.
Thompson, Ann. “How To Rebuild Trust In Democracy In The Digital Age.” Cincinnati Public Radio_WVXU 91.7, January 15, 2021. https://www.wvxu.org/post/how-rebuild-trust-democracy-digital-age.
Office of Research, University of Cincinnati. “Findings Staff Report.” Office of Research News, UC, January 11, 2021. https://research.uc.edu/news/2021/01/11/’these-awardees-represent-the-best-of-the-best.
Jenkins, Laura Dudley. “Analysis | Netflix Has India’s Ruling Party Outraged about a ‘Love Jihad’ Plot. What Is Love Jihad?” Washington Post, 2020, sec. Monkey Cage. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2020/12/30/netflix-has-indias-ruling-party-outraged-about-love-jihad-plot-what-is-love-jihad/.
Uddin, Asma T., and Andrew R. Lewis. “Partisans Rush to Take Sides When COVID-19, Religious Freedom Collide.” USA Today. December 11, 2020, sec. Opinion. https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2020/12/11/partisans-rush-take-sides-when-covid-19-religious-freedom-collide-column/3876908001/.
Whitsett, Adrian. “Fact Check Friday: How Disinformation Campaigns Reduce Trust in Election.” WCPO, November 6, 2020. https://www.wcpo.com/news/election-2020/fact-check-friday-how-disinformation-campaigns-reduce-trust-in-election.
Thompson, Ann. “Understanding Why Some Say China’s Internet Model Should Be Stoppped.” News. Cincinnati Public Radio_WVXU91.7, November 2, 2020. https://www.wvxu.org/post/understanding-why-some-say-chinas-internet-model-should-be-stoppped.
Reader, Ruth. “Mistrust of Public Officials May Help Election Day Misinformation Spread.” Fast Company, October 31, 2020. https://www.fastcompany.com/90570746/debunking-by-secretaries-of-state-is-hard-but-prebunking-could-help.
Burke, Clancy. “Could Absentee Ballots Delay Election Results?” WKRC, October 29, 2020. https://local12.com/news/local/could-absentee-ballots-delay-election-results.
Rinehart, Bill. “OKI Wanna Know: Why Aren't Elmwood Place And St. Bernard Part Of Cincinnati?” Cincinnati Public Radio_WVXU91.7, October 28, 2020. https://www.wvxu.org/post/oki-wanna-know-why-arent-elmwood-place-and-st-bernard-part-cincinnati.
Mason, Melanie. “Ohio, Once Seen as Trump Territory, Emerges as a Battleground.” Los Angeles Times. MSN, October 28, 2020. https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/politics/ohio-once-seen-as-trump-territory-emerges-as-a-battleground/ar-BB1atpWD.
Koenig, Angela. “Study Tests Whether Election Truths Can Combat Lies.” News. UC News, October 28, 2020. https://uc.edu/news/articles/2020/10/n20958682.html.
Associated Press. “Boat Parades, Road Rallies Buoy Trump and His Supporters | Ohio News | US News.” U.S. News and World Report, October 24, 2020. https://www.usnews.com/news/politics/articles/2020-10-24/boat-parades-road-rallies-buoy-trump-and-his-supporters.
Wilkinson, Howard. “Analysis: Mitch McConnell Could Lose Even If He Wins.” Cincinnati Public Radio_WVXU91.7, October 21, 2020. https://www.wvxu.org/post/analysis-mitch-mcconnell-could-lose-even-if-he-wins.
Rultenberg, Josh. “What Early Voting Increase Could Mean For Presidential Race.” Spectrum News 1, October 21, 2020. https://spectrumnews1.com/oh/cincinnati/news/2020/10/20/what-early-voting-increase-could-mean-for-presidential-race.
Fraser, Jayme. “Trump Delivered on Supreme Court Promise, but His Pandemic Response Cost Him Support among Christians.” USA TODAY, October 20, 2020. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/investigations/2020/10/19/trump-delivered-scotus-but-coronavirus-cost-him-christian-support/3713456001/.
Koesters, Matt. “UC Hosts Virtual Cybersecurity Education Symposium.” UC News, October 20, 2020. https://uc.edu/news/articles/2020/10/n20954956.html.
Koenig, Angela. “Spectrum News 1: UC Watch Party Goes Virtual for Debate.” UC News, September 30, 2020. https://uc.edu/news/articles/2020/09/n20950042.html.
Rultenberg, Josh. “UC Watch Party Goes Virtual for Debate.” Spectrum News 1, September 30, 2020. https://spectrumnews1.com/oh/columbus/news/2020/09/30/uc-watch-party-goes-virtual-for-debate.
Milligan, Susan. “A Taxing Problem for Trump While Biden’s Family Ties Targeted.” US News & World Report, September 29, 2020. https://www.usnews.com/news/elections/articles/2020-09-29/joe-biden-to-take-on-trump-over-taxes-coronavirus-in-presidential-debate.
Sanders, Rebecca, and Jack Mewhirter. “New Survey: Yes, Americans Will Give up Liberties to Fight the Coronavirus.” Washington Post, September 28, 2020, sec. Monkey Cage: Analysis. https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2020/09/28/new-survey-yes-americans-will-give-up-liberties-fight-coronavirus/.
Koenig, Angela. “UC Answers: What Are UC Experts Doing to Ensure Safe Elections?” UC News, September 1, 2020. https://uc.edu/news/articles/2020/08/n20942046.html.
Pitman, Michael D. “Candidates Adjust Campaigning during Challenges Caused by Coronavirus: How They’re Doing It.” Journal-News, August 6, 2020. https://www.journal-news.com/news/candidates-adjust-campaigning-during-challenges-caused-by-coronavirus-how-theyre-doing-it/DMK4GSE6FVD4ZDCQNTQBVZFSJM/.
Schor, Elana, and Hannah Fingerhut. “Religious Freedom in America: Popular and Polarizing.” ABC News, August 5, 2020. https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/wireStory/religious-freedom-america-popular-polarizing-72188535.
DiTirro, Tessa. “Protecting Your Vote: UC Surveying Voters on Cyber Threats, Misinformation.” Video. WKRC - Local 12, July 29, 2020. https://local12.com/news/local/protecting-your-vote-uc-surveying-voters-on-cyber-threats-misinformation-cincinnati.
Koenig, Angela. “Cybersecurity Experts Researching Digital Interference in November Elections- UC Researchers on Alert: Digital Age Has Potential to Influence the Election Process and Outcomes.” UC News, July 27, 2020. https://uc.edu/news/articles/2020/07/n20931882.html.
Chaffee, Tess. “Second-Year Student Lands Internship on Capitol Hill: Political Science Major Finds ‘Home Away from Home’ at UC.” UC News, July 24, 2020. https://uc.edu/news/articles/2020/07/n20932068.html.
Bowling, Anne. “UC Cybersecurity Research Inspires Congressional Action.” UC News, July 21, 2020. https://uc.edu/news/articles/2020/07/n20932698.html.
Seward, Larry. “Experts at UC Battling Election Cyberattacks.” University of Cincinnati: WCPO Cincinnati, Channel 9, July 1, 2020. https://news.yahoo.com/experts-uc-battling-election-cyberattacks-212313445.html.
Welch, Ryan, and Jack Mewhirter. “Analysis | Does Military Equipment Lead Police Officers to Be More Violent? We Did the Research.” Washington Post, June 30, 2020, sec. Monkey Cage. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/06/30/does-military-equipment-lead-police-officers-to-be-more-violent-we-did-the-research/.
Koenig, Angela. “The Atlantic: The Culture of Policing Is Broken.” UC News, June 19, 2020. https://uc.edu/news/articles/2020/06/n20925754.html.
Brooks, David. “The Culture of Policing Is Broken.” The Atlantic, June 16, 2020. https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2020/06/how-police-brutality-gets-made/613030/.
Simmons-Duffin, Selena. “Transgender Health Protections Reversed By Trump Administration.” NPR.Org, June 12, 2020. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2020/06/12/868073068/transgender-health-protections-reversed-by-trump-administration.
Hohmann, James. “Analysis | The Daily 202: ‘Demilitarizing’ the Police Could Be a More Fruitful Rallying Cry for Reformers than ‘Defunding.’” Washington Post, June 9, 2020, sec. Power Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost/paloma/daily-202/2020/06/09/daily-202-demilitarizing-the-police-could-be-a-more-fruitful-rallying-cry-for-reformers-than-defunding/5edf0e54602ff12947e87c9e/.
Koenig, Angela. “UC Study on Police Militarizaton Re-Emerges.” UC News, June 2, 2020. https://uc.edu/news/articles/2020/06/n20920662.html.