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J. Barry Maynard

Title: Professor
Office: 608 Geology-Physics Building
Tel: 513-505-2279
Email: j.barry.maynard@uc.edu
Web: http://homepages.uc.edu/~maynarjb/

Research career focused on the chemistry of metals at the Earth’s surface, with prinicpal focus in recent years on Mn, Fe, Cu and Pb. Systems studied include Mn-Fe ore bodies, constructed wetlands treating mine drainage, slope stability problems, and corrosion scales in drinking water systems. Supervised 9 PhD and 24 MS students.

Education

  • PhD, Harvard University, 1972.

Research Information

Research Interests

Our research group is studying the geochemical behavior of sulfur and metals in three settings: sediment-hosted ore deposits, acid mine drainage,and drinking water distribution systems. For sedimentary ores, we have worked on deposits of iron, manganese, gold, uranium, and copper. Current projects include S and Sr isotopic chemistry of the Red Dog deposit in Alaska and similar deposits in Cuba, C-S geochemistry of black shales hosting Cu mineralization in Zambia, and diagenetic evolution of Au-bearing Witwatersrand quartzites in South Africa. We also have a program of research on improving the effectiveness of constructed wetlands used to remediate acid mine drainage. We recently completed an extensive survey of S isotope chemistry of constructed wetlands, and are working on the chemistry of anoxic drain fills. Finally, our research group, under a grant from the American Water Works Association Research Foundation is pursuing problems of Pb and Cu contamination of drinking water arising from dissolution of minerals coating the insides of distribution pipes and household plumbing.

Research Support

  • Improving the Performance of Constructed Wetlands for Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage: Understanding the Clogging of Anoxic Limestone Drains , Indiana Division of Reclamation. $20,000. 2003 to 2005.
  • (PI), Maynard, J Barry, Contribution of Service Line and Plumbing Fixtures to Lead and Copper Rule Issues, Environmental Protection Agency. (CON0006883), $75,000.00. 04/17/2005 to 11/01/2008. Status: Completed.
  • (Collaborator), Process Research Solutions, J B Maynard, Distribution System Water Quality Control Demonstration, Water Research Foundation. (WRF4286), $60,000. 01/01/2008 to 12/31/2010. Status: Completed.
  • (PI), JB Maynard, Abigail Cantor, Assessing Risk of Lead and Copper Consulmption from Drinking Water, Water Research Foundation. (WRF 4415), $55,716. 01/01/2011 to 06/30/2013. Status: Completed.
  • (PI), Maynard, J Barry, Improving the Performance of Constructed Wetlands, Indiana Department of Natural Resources. (OSP03139), $19,943.00. 05/30/2003 to 05/29/2005. Status: Closed.
  • (PI), Maynard, J Barry, The Performance of Constructed Wetlands for Remediation of Acid Mine Drainage, Indiana Department of Natural Resources. (DNR 006003), $7,000.00. 03/01/2000 to 02/28/2002. Status: Closed.

Publications

Peer Reviewed Publications

  • Potter, P.E., Maynard, J.B., and Huff, W.D., 2009, Steps in the History of Mudstone Investigations—A Timeline, 1556 Through 2007: Earth Science History, v. 28, p. 84, 107.
  • Maynard, J.B., 2010, The chemistry of manganese ores through time: a signal of increasing diversity of earth-surface environments: Economic Geology, v. 105, p. 535-552.
  • Gerke, T.L., Scheckel, K.G., Maynard, J.B., 2010, Speciation and distribution of vanadium in drinking water iron pipe corrosion by-products, Science of The Total Environment, Volume 408 -- Special Section: Integrating Water and Agricultural Management Under Climate Change – p. 5845-5853, 
  • Hein, J.R., Zierenberg, R.A., Maynard, J.B., and Hannington, M.D., 2007, Barite-forming environments along a rifted continental margin, Southern California Borderland: Deep-Sea Research Part II., v. 54, p. 1327-1349.
  • Liu, T.-B., Alten, J., and Maynard, J.B., 2006, Superheavy S Isotopes from Glacial-Associated Sediments of the Neoproterozoic of South China: Oceanic Anoxia or Sulfate Limitation?: Geological Society of America Memoir, no. 198, p. 205-222.
  • Gerke, T.L., Stocker, S.R., Davis, J.L., Maynard, J.B., and Dietsch, C., 2006, Sourcing volcanic millstones from Greco-Roman sties in Albania: Journal of Field Archaeology, v. 31, p. 137-146.
  • Sutton, S.J., and Maynard, J.B., 2005, A fluid mixing model for copper mineralization at Konkola North, Zambian Copperbelt: Journal of African Earth Sciences, v. 42, p. 95-118.
  • Lytle, D., Gerke, T.L., Maynard, J.B., 2005, Geochemistry of sulfur in iron corrosion scales found in drinking water distribution systems: Role of sulfate reducing bacteria: Journal American Water Works Association, v. 97, p. 109-120.
  • Gerke, T.L., Maynard, J.B., Schock, M.R., and Lytle, D., 2008, Physiochemical characterization of five iron tubercles from a single drinking water distribution system: Possible new insights on their formation and growth:  Corrosion Science, v. 50, p. 2030-2039.  
  • Algeo, Thomas J.; Ellwood, Brooks B.; Maynard, J. Barry; Rowe, Harry; Thi Kim Thoa Nguyen, 2007,  The Permian-Triassic boundary at Nhi Tao, Vietnam; evidence for recurrent influx of sulfidic watermasses to a shallow-marine carbonate platform: Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology,  v. 252,  p. 304-327. 
  • Krekeler, Mark P. S.; Bates, William; Kearns, Lance E.; Maynard, J. Barry; Probst, Pete; Samsonov, Misha; Tselepis, Cynthia M., 2007, Investigation of subsurface flow constructed wetlands and associated geomaterial resources in the Akumal and Reforma regions, Quintana Roo, Mexico: Environmental Geology,  v. 53,  p. 709-726.

     
  • Algeo, Thomas J.; Hinnov, Linda; Moser, Jessa; Maynard, J. Barry; Elswick, Erika; Kuwahara, Kiyoko; Sano, Hiroyoshi, 2010, Changes in productivity and redox conditions in the Panthalassic Ocean during the latest Permian: Geology (Boulder). v. 38, p. 187-190 
  • Algeo, T.J., and Maynard, J.B., 2008, Trace metal covariation as a guide to water-mass conditions in ancient anoxic marine environments. Geosphere. v. 4; no. 5; p. 872-887 
  • Krekeler, M.P.S., Allen, C.S., Kearns, L.E., and Maynard J.B., 2010, An investigation of aspects of mine waste from a kyanite mine Central Virginia, USA: Environ Earth Sci., v. 61, p. 93-106. 
  • Flege, A.F., Maynard, J.B., and Elswick, E.R., 2012, Sulfur Isotopes as Indicators of Remediation Efficacy in Constructed Wetlands Receiving Acid Mine Drainage, In John B. Comer, editor, Effects of abandoned mine land reclamation on ground and surface water quality: Research and case histories from Indiana: Indiana Geological Survey Special Report 72, 351 p. 
  • Tankersley.  K. B.,  V. L. Scarborough, N. Dunning, W. D. Huff, J.B. Maynard, and T.L. Gerke, 2011, Evidence for Volcanic Ash Fall in the Maya Lowlands from a Reservoir at Tikal, Guatemala. Journal of Archaeological Science, v. 38, p. 2925-2938. 
  • Maynard, J. Barry, Sally J. Sutton, Douglas Rumble III, and Andrey Bekker. "Mass-independently fractionated sulfur in Archean paleosols: A large reservoir of negative Δ 33S anomaly on the early Earth." Chemical Geology 362 (2013): 74-81.
  • Ripley, Edward M.; Li, Chusi; Moore, Craig H.; Elswick, Erika R.; Maynard, J. Barry ; Paul, Rick L.; Sylvester, Paul; Seo, Jun Hun; Shimizu, Nobomichi, 2011,  Analytical methods for sulfur determination in glasses, rocks, minerals and fluid inclusions. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry Vol. 73, no. 1, p. 9-39. Washington, DC : Mineralogical Society of America and Geochemical Society.
      

Books

  • Sandvig, A., Kwan, P., Kirmeyer, G., Maynard, B., Mast, D., Rhodes Trussell, R., Trussell, S., Cantor, A., Prescott, A., 2008. Contribution of Service Line and Plumbing Fixtures to Lead and Copper Rule Compliance Issues. American Water Works Association Research Foundation, Denver, Colorado, 91 pp w CD-ROM. 
  • Potter, P.E., Maynard, J.B., and DePetris, P., 2005, Mud and Mudstones: Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Book Chapter

  • Elswick, E. R., and Maynard, J.B. (2014) Bedded Barite Deposits:  Environments of Deposition, Styles of Mineralization, and Tectonic Settings, in MacKenzie, F.T., ed., Treatise of Geochemistry 2nd edition. Volume 9, Sediments, Diagenesis, and Sedimentary Rocks: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 629-655.
  • Maynard, J.B. (2014) Chapter 15: Manganiferous sediments, rocks, and ores,in MacKenzie, F.T., ed., Treatise of Geochemistry 2nd edition. Volume 9, Sediments, Diagenesis, and Sedimentary Rocks: Amsterdam, Elsevier, p. 327-349.

Under Review

  • Gerke, T.L., Scheckel, K.G., Maynard, J.B., (submitted) Strontium Adsorption and Persistence with Iron Corrosion Products from a Model and Actual Drinking Water Distribution System. Water Research.
      

Honors & Awards

  • National Associate of National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Sciences, 2002.

Experience & Service

Work Experience

  • 1972 to 1975, Assistant Professor, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati OH USA.
  • 1975 to 1985, Associate Professor, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati OH USA.
  • 1985Full Professor, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati OH USA.
  • 1979 to 1980, Visiting Professor, Memorial University, St Johns Newfoundland Canada.
  • 1985 to 1990, Head of Department, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati OH USA.

Service

  • Committee Member, Greater Cincinnati Water Works Advisory Board, 1998
  • Committee Member, US EPA Small Business Initiatives, 2008 to 2010

Courses Taught

  • 15-GEOL-105 ENVIRONMENT GEO II
    Level: Undergraduate
    Term: 10A
    [Link]
  • 15-GEOL-207 SURFACE PROCESSES
    Level: Undergraduate
    Term: 10A

  • 15-GEOL-555 ORGN COMP NATRL WTR
    Level: Both
    Term: 11S
    [Link]
  • Geology of Eastern Midcontinent
    Geology of Eastern Midcontinent
    Level: Graduate
    Term: 10A
    Comments: field-based instruction. Shared with Ken Tankersley of Anthropology Dept
  • Elementary Petrology
    Elementary Petrology
    Level: Undergraduate
    Term: 11W
    Comments: Experiential, laboratory based instruction. Shared 50% with Tom Algeo
  • Geochemistry of Natural Waters
    Geochemistry of Natural Waters
    Level: Both
    Term: 11W

Additional Information

Manganese database   http://homepages.uc.edu/~maynarjb/Manganese/Index_Mn.html

van Bemmelen and the volcanoes of Java



[Link to more information]

Geology of Cincinnati

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Personal Homepage

http://homepages.uc.edu/~maynarjb/